Disclaimer


Information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only.

Viewers are advised to research other sources comparing it with information provided in these Videos.

Such foraging information can be used to find edible plants.

I, Ken Wooldridge make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding the accuracy of the material provided in these videos.

I assume no legal or other liability, or responsibility for any loss or injuries that may result from the use of information contained these videos.


Foraging in the Wild
In God’s creative genius He made provision for man in nature!

Genesis 1:11-12, 29
“And God said, behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.”

Psalm 104:14
“God … causeth the grass to grow for the cattle and herb for the service of man.”

Allow me to introduce myself -

My name is Ken Wooldridge

I was born in Botswana in Africa.

At a young age in Africa, the outdoors became appealing to me.

I have always had a love for Nature and Wild Life.

I have been living in the Smoky Mountains of East Tennessee for over twenty years.

I have been privileged to befriend Cherokee Indians and Foraging Experts.

This has enabled me to learn and enjoy many benefits of foraging wild plants.

I have also written a valuable book about this and how to live in difficult times

Wild edible plants can be used in making -
Vegetables, berries, mushrooms, nuts, and wild Mushrooms can be used to prepare many different dishes.

This may help to save yourself and your loved ones in a time of need.

Five basic foraging rules:
  1. Never forage or eat anything you cannot positively identify as safe
  2. Never pick endangered plant species
  3. Always protect plants and nature
  4. Only pick as much as you need and never take all the plants where you forage
    (This will give them time to recover and multiply.
    By doing that, you will be able to return back and forage again next season)
  5. At all times be careful of poisonous plants, snakes and insects.
    (A helpful website is - http://www.wilderness-survival.net/snake/1/)
  6. Only forage in unrestricted areas or obtain permission from a landowner to forage.

Many of these herbs, plants, shrubs and trees may be found growing where you are, or in surrounding areas. It is possible you will find some growing in other areas.

Pictures of Plants are always updated and new ones are added from time to time.
Foraging Videos

Aloe Vera

Blue Violet

Broad Leaf Plantain

Chickweed

Chicory

Curled Dock

Goldenrod

Henbit

Honey Locust

Jerusalen Artichoke

Kudzu

Mullein

Narrow Leaf Plantain

Oyster Mushroom

Prickly Pear

Queens Anne's Lace

Red Clover

Sea Oats

Shagbark Hickory

Shitake Mushrooms

Stinging Nettle

Sumac

Sweet Gum Tree

Watercress

Wild Mustard

Wild Onions

Wild Strawberries

Williow Tree

Aloe Vera -
  • Habitat:
  • Height:
  • Leaves:
  • Flower:
  • Fruit:
  • Time:
  • Use:
  • Nutritional value:

Amaranth - Amaranthus
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 3 to 6ft
  • Leaves: can be green or red, depending on the variety
  • Time: spring to summer for the leaves and summer or fall for seeds
  • Use: tender young leaves in salads or cooked like spinach. Leaves dried and crushed to a fine powder may be used in soups, gravy and jelly.
  • Cooking time: Simmer amaranth in water for 12-15 minutes
  • Seed: eaten raw or ground into flour
  • Nutritional value: This food is low in Saturated Fat, and very low in Cholesterol. It is also a good source of Niacin, Protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Riboflavin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc, Copper and Manganese.

Arrowhead tubers - Sagittarialatifolia
  • Habitat: shallow water or wet soil at the edge of streams, ponds and marshes
  • Height: 1-4 feet
  • Leaves: have an arrow shape and veins from the center
  • Flowers: are white
  • Time: Blooms June through October
  • Use: Tubers are cooked like potatoes or sliced and used in a stir fry
  • Nutritional value: Source of starch

Autumn olive berries - Elaegnus umbellate
  • Habitat: found on bushes along roads and streams
  • Height: a large shrub or small tree
  • Leaves: silver green leaves
  • Flower: fragrant, ivory-yellow flowers
  • Fruit: resembles a small cranberry
  • Time: fall
  • Use: used like tomatoes or for jam and jelly
  • Nutritional value: vitamins A, C, E, flavonoids, essential fatty acids and lycopene

Bamboo
  • Habitat: very selective areas
  • Height: up to 20 ft
  • Time: most of the year
  • Use: Young shoots may be used in soups and with stews. Centers may be sliced in Chinese stir fry dishes.
  • Nutritional value: is low in Saturated Fat, and very low in Cholesterol. It is also a good source of Dietary Fiber, Protein, Riboflavin and Zinc, Vitamin B6, Potassium, Copper and Manganese.

Bear Corn - Conopholis Americana
  • Habitat: Found on the roots of woody plants, especially oaks and beech trees
  • Height: It is cone-shaped and 4 to 8 inches
  • Flowers: It has close yellow/cream flowers all around the stem with a swollen base, facing down. They becomes brown throughout the summer and shriveled and black in winter
  • Time: Found above ground in spring
  • Use: may be prepared and eaten as corn on the cob

Blue violet - Viola odorata
  • Habitat: on lawns, woods, meadows, waste areas and along rivers
  • Height: 3-8 inches tall
  • Leaves: heart-shaped leaves up to 3 inches long
  • Flowers: blue-purple up to 1 inch
  • Time: spring through summer
  • Use: flowers and young leaves can be added to salads - has a slight bland taste
  • Nutritional value: contains antioxidants

Broad Leaf Plantain -
  • Habitat:
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  • Time:
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  • Nutritional value:

Burdock - Arctiumlappa
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 2-9 feet tall
  • Leaves: large elephant like leaves that are white and fuzzy underneath
  • Time: spring to late fall
  • Use: roots are like potatoes
  • Cooking time: scrub / scour and simmer for 20 minutes like potatoes
  • Nutritional value: contains valuable minerals such as iron, manganese, magnesium and small amounts of zinc, calcium, selenium, and phosphorus.

Cactus
  • Habitat: sunny fields or on mountain sides
  • Height: up to 8ft
  • Leaves: are like pads available all year - younger pads are tastier
  • Use: peeled pads can be eaten raw, pickled, fried or made into jerky
  • Nutritional value: Contains vitamins A, B6, C, calcium, magnesium, sodium, niacin, iron, folate, phosphorus and zinc. (Be careful of the tiny thorns)

Cattail - Typhalatifolia
  • Habitat: wet soil at the edges of streams, ponds and marshes
  • Height: up to 8ft and the tops look like the tail of a cat that turn brown in summer
  • Leaves: Long stalks
  • Time: Spring though summer
  • Use: roots ground to flour or used as sauce or a gravy thickener. The heart of the stalk is used like asparagus
  • Nutritional value: a source of starch

Chamomile
  • Habitat: It is a low growing garden plant
  • Height: about 12 inches high
  • Leaves: They are divided into fine thread-like segments with a feathery appearance
  • Flower: A daisy like flower with white florets and a yellow centre
  • Time: July through September
  • Use: Flower heads are ground and used for a tea for stomach problems, colds, muscleaches, anxiety and insomnia
  • Nutritional value: contains carbohydrates, calcium, magnesium, potassium, fluoride, folate and vitamin A.

ChicoryCichoriumintybus
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: up to 4 ft tall
  • Flowers: dark sky blue color
  • Time: spring through fall
  • Use: taproot roasted and ground for coffee
  • Nutritional value: is low in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol. A good source of Thiamin, Niacin, Zinc, Vitamins A, B6, C, E, K, Riboflavin, Folate, Pantothenic Acid, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Copper and Manganese

Chickweed - Stellaria media
  • Habitat: lawns and in open, sunny areas, as well as partially shaded areas
  • Height: forms mats and stalks are about 8 inches long
  • Leaves: tiny, pointed, oval, un-toothed leaves
  • Flower color: white flowers about 1/8 inch with 5 petals
  • Time: all year
  • Use: cook like spinach
  • Cooking time: 5 minutes
  • Nutritional value: Rich in iron, potassium, vitamins A, B, C, D and minerals

Clover - red - Trifoliumpratense
  • Habitat: in meadows and on lawns
  • Height: about 12 inches
  • Leaves: Has a 3 leaf grouping
  • Flower color: red (do not use white flower clover)
  • Time: spring
  • Use: flowers make a good herb tea or used raw with the young leaves in salads
  • Nutritional value: it contains calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, vitamin A, B-complex, C, zinc, iron, selenium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, tin and sodium.

Curled dock - RumexCrispus
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 1 to 5ft
  • Leaves: wavy long, lance-shaped, hairless leaves
  • Flower: green flowers that become clusters of hard, reddish fruit
  • Time: Spring and summer
  • Use: nutritious, lemon flavored young leaves, raw or cooked in early spring
  • Cooking time: simmer for 5 minutes
  • Nutritional value: leaves are rich in vitamins A, C and minerals especially iron. WARNING - they contain chrysophanic acid that can irritate or numb your tongue

Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis
  • Habitat: lawns, roadsides, vacant lots, and fields
  • Height: 2” to 18” tall
  • Leaves: long, lance-shaped toothed leaves
  • Flower color: yellow flowers are 1 to 2 inches wide
  • Time: spring to fall
  • Use: salads and stir fries (including flowers) – roots roasted and ground for coffee
  • Nutritional value: contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C, D, E, Boron, Calcium, Chromium, Copper, Cobalt, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Molybdenum, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Selenium, Silicon and Zinc.

Daylily - Hemerocallisfulva
  • Habitat: gardens or fields
  • Height: up to 4ft high
  • Flower color: orange or yellow petals
  • Time: Use shoots in spring, flower buds and flowers from spring to summer
  • Use: raw shoots and flowers used in salads, sautéed, stir-fried or simmered in soup. Unopened buds can be cooked like string beans
  • Nutritional value: contains Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium, Potassium, Vitamins A, C, Thiamin, Riboflavin and Niacin

Elderberry - Sambucuscanadensis
  • Habitat: on roadsides, in moist woods, in marshes and along riverbanks
  • Height: up to 13ft
  • Leaves: oval leaflets with pointed tips
  • Flowers: white, flat rounded clusters of lacy flowers 6 inches across
  • Time: late spring and summer
  • Fruit: juicy purple berries replace the flowers, ripening from mid-summer to fall
  • Use: sauté the flowers or make fritters, mixing them with pancake batter The ripe purple berries can be used in muffins, cakes and breads
  • Nutritional value: high in vitamins A, C, B6, iron and is a powerful antioxidant that is high in fiber.

Evening primrose - Oenotherabiennsis
  • Habitat: fields, sunny woods, waste ground and road sides
  • Height: 4 to 5 ft
  • Leaves: Alternate lemon scented hairy lance-like leaves, 3 to 6 inches long
  • Flower: 2½ inches in diameter, bright yellow and has four cross shaped petals
  • Time: June to September
  • Use: leaves cooked as greens, the flowers added to salads and the roots boiled like beets or turnips
  • Nutritional value: the seed is rich in linoleic acid which is good for optimal health

Goldenrod - Solidagolancifolia
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: up to 5 feet
  • Leaves: have serrated leaf margins
  • Flowers: have small yellow flowers clustered in panicles, forming a lance like shape
  • Time: they bloom in late summer and fall
  • Use: tea made from the leaves and flowers is used for sore throat, fever, colds and a cough
  • Value: used as a diuretic

Green brier - Smilax rotundifolia
  • Habitat: shady forests
  • Height: tender vines under ½ inch wide on shrubs and trees up to 30 ft
  • Leaves: the leaves are heart-shaped
  • Flower: the green flowers are difficult to see
  • Time: all year
  • Use: vines and tendrils are steamed like a vegetable Tubers are sliced, pounded and boiled to release starch used as a thickener
  • Nutritional value: contains nitrogen

Ground Cherries – PhysalisPhiladelphica
    (Husk Tomatoes) eat only when ripe
  • Habitat: fields, sunny woods, bordering streams, waste ground and road sides
  • Height: 1 to 3 ft high
  • Fruit: yellowish sticky berry in a husk and ripens off the plant
  • Flower: flowers are yellow with dark centers
  • Time: blossoms in late spring and bears fruit in fall
  • Use: Has a unique tomato, pineapple like taste and used for gravy, jelly or jam
  • Nutritional value: A good source of Vitamin A, C and B3 (Niacin)

Henbit - Lamiumamplexicaule
  • Habitat: on lawns, roadsides, vacant lots and in fields
  • Height: up to 6 inches
  • Leaves: small leaves
  • Flower: purple flowers
  • Time: early spring, fall and winter
  • Use: in salads or greens

Honey locust tree (seed pods) - Gleditsiatriacanthos
  • Habitat: trees found in moist soil, river valleys and other places
  • Height: up to 60ft tall trees, often very old
  • Seed pods: long brown curved pods with a sweet date-like pulp inside
  • Time: Fall
  • Use: Seed pods may be dried and ground into sweet flour The paste in the pods may be scraped off and used like dates
  • Nutritional value: contains proteins and carbohydrates

Indian cucumber - Medeolavirginiana
  • Habitat: grows in open woods and forests
  • Height: 1 to 2 feet tall
  • Leaves: 6 smooth leaves in a star like shape with a second level of 3 more on top
  • Flower: yellow, small flower, hanging down
  • Time: Blooms in late summer or early fall
  • Use: tubers (roots) are edible raw and taste like cucumbers

Jerusalem artichokes - Helianthus tuberosus
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: up to 10 feet tall
  • Leaves: ovate leaves 5 to 10 inches long
  • Flower: flower has 10 to 20 bright yellow petals
  • Time: blossoms in late summer and early fall Pick tubers two weeks after flowers fade
  • Use: tubers grated raw into salads or used as potatoes
  • Nutritional value: are high in iron, and contain potassium, fiber, niacin, thiamine, phosphorus and copper.

Kudzu
  • Habitat: It is a climbing, coiling, and trailing vine along roadsides
  • Height: it covers vast low areas, shrubs and high trees
  • Leaves: consist of 3 leaflets arranged alternately along the stem
  • Flower: Pink colored
  • Time: has leaf foliage and flowers throughout spring and summer
  • Use: flowers are used to make pink lemonade and the roots as a starch Leaves can be deep fried like potato chips
  • Nutritional value: high-protein food similar to alfalfa

Lambs quarters - Chenopodium album
  • Habitat: lawns, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 1 to 4ft
  • Leaves: dark green diamond shaped
  • Flower: the small green flowers come in dense spikes at the top
  • Time: spring to fall
  • Use: in salads, or steamed 5 to 10 minutes like spinach In summertime flower heads can be used in casseroles and breads
  • Nutritional value: source of beta-carotene, calcium, potassium, and iron

Lettuce - Saxifraga Montana
  • Habitat: between rocks or in marshes, moist meadows and brooks
  • Height: up to 24 inches tall
  • Leaves: a green 1ft rosette of leaves close to ground – like a deer’s tongue
  • Flower: clusters of white blossoms at the top
  • Time: spring through summer
  • Use: leaves picked before flowering, used in salads, greens, soups or with eggs and bacon when dried, the leaves have a vanilla fragrance

Magnolia - Magnolia virginiana
  • Habitat: these are deciduous, evergreen trees grown in garden settings
  • Height: up to 40 feet high
  • Leaves: large glossy leaves
  • Flower: drooping cup shaped flowers that are white or pink
  • Time: Springtime after the leaves emerge
  • Use: Fragrant smelling flowers with petals that may be used in salads
  • Nutritional value: the white blossoms are said to be antispasmodic and a tonic

Meadowsweet - Filipendulaulmaria
  • Habitat: grows in damp meadows
  • Height: 3 to 7ft tall
  • Leaves: leaflets are up to 3 inches long with three to five lobes
  • Flower: has creamy-white flower clusters close together, having a sweet smell
  • Time: June to September
  • Use: flowers can be added to stewed fruit and jams, giving them an almond flavor
  • Nutritional value: includes flavonoids such as flavonol glycosides rutin, hyperin, spiraeoside as well as mucilage, carbohydrates, ascorbic acid, sugars and minerals.

Mullein - Verbascum Thapsus
  • Habitat: along roadsides and fields
  • Height: has a single stem up to 7 ft tall
  • Leaves: silvery leaves up to 19 inches long and 5 inches wide
  • Flower: a pinnacle of many 5-petalled bright yellow flowers at the top
  • Time: flowering June to August
  • Use: Leaves used as an antihistamine for colds, coughs and related problems
  • Value: a tea made from the leaves coats and soothes mucus membranes in both the respiratory and digestive tracts. Its slimy consistency when in contact with water coatsand helps to treat existing ulcers in the stomach and intestines. It also relieves irritation caused by coughing spasms.

Mustard (field) - Cleome viscose
  • Habitat: old pastures, gardens, lawns and the roadside
  • Height: up to 2ft
  • Leaves: lobed
  • Flower: four yellow petals in the form of a cross
  • Time: springtime
  • Use: young leaves in salads, leaves cooked as a potherb and seeds used as a spice
  • Nutritional value: contains proteins, carbohydrates and fiber.

Narrow Leaf Plantain -
  • Habitat:
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Plantain - Plantago major
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: oval leaf grows close to the ground
  • Leaves: narrow or oval leaves
  • Flower: pencil-shaped flower stalks
  • Time: spring to fall – use the tender leaves before it flowers
  • Use: with salads, greens or fried rice
  • Cooking time: Boil and strain twice to improve the flavor
  • Nutritional value: High in dietary fiber, potassium and Vitamins A, C and B6.

Poke - Phytolaccadecandra
  • Habitat: roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 4 to 8ft tall
  • Leaves: smooth-edged, green leaves 8 to 10 inches long
  • Time: spring
  • Use: eat only the young stems and leaves in the spring, less than 8 inches tall
  • Cooking time: boil and rinse at least three times. May be scrambled with eggs

Prickly Pear -
  • Habitat:
  • Height:
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  • Time:
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Purslane - Portulacaoleracea
  • Habitat: sprawling on lawns and in meadows
  • leaves: paddle-shaped, succulent, stalk-less, up to 2 inches long, creeping up to 10 inches
  • Flower: tiny flowers with five yellow petals
  • Time: mid-summer to fall
  • Use: leaves and stems, raw in salads. Steamed or added to soups or stews
  • Nutritional value: is very low in calories and fats; but is rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

Queen Anne’s lace - Daucuscarota
  • Habitat: lawns, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 2 to 4ft tall
  • Leaves: leaves have a smell similar to carrots and the leaf stalks are fuzzy
  • Flower: umbrella like, with many tiny white flowers that looks like lace
  • Time: early spring to fall
  • Use: use the roots like a carrot in soups, stews, cakes and cookies
  • Nutritional value: High in vitamin A, beta carotene and minerals. Warning - Hemlock is a poisonous look alike. Its green stem is usually spotted or streaked with red or purple on the lower half of the stem. When crushed, the leaves and root emit an unpleasant smell

Ramps (wild leek) - Allium tricoccum
  • Habitat: in moist, open woodlands
  • Height: 6 inches to 2ft tall
  • Leaves: oval, smooth-edged, stalked leaves, 4 to12 inches long and 2 inches wide
  • Flower: small, umbrella-like 6 petal white-cream color flowers
  • Time: spring through summer
  • Use: the leaves or bulbs are used raw or cooked like garlic. (5 to 10 minutes)
  • Nutritional value: contain Vitamins A, C, chromium and selenium,

Red Clover -
  • Habitat:
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Reed grass - PhragmitesCommunis
  • Habitat: wetlands, meadows and marshes
  • Height: 2 to 5ft tall
  • Leaves: deep green shiny foliage
  • Flower: feathery flowers in June
  • Time: spring through winter
  • Use: roots may be cut, boiled and leached for starch
  • Nutritional value: It has protein and energy value.

Sassafras - Sassafras albidum
  • Habitat: found on edges of forests or in thickets
  • Height: smaller and larger trees
  • Leaves: 3 oval, hand shaped leaves 3 to 5 inches long that smell like root beer
  • Flowers: tiny, yellow, 5 petal flowers
  • Time: leaves in spring through summer – leafless twigs in winter
  • Use: leaves or twigs make a delicious tea

Sea Oats -
  • Habitat:
  • Height:
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Shagbark Hickory -
  • Habitat:
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  • Time:
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Sheep sorrel - Rumexacetosella
  • Habitat: is found in fields, grasslands, woodlands, floodplains or marshes
  • Height: about 16 to 18 inches tall
  • Leaves: have green arrowhead shaped leaves
  • Flower: yellow-green flowers
  • Time: flowers March through September
  • Use: a lemon flavour used in garnishes or salads and as a curdling agent for cheese
  • Nutritional value: Is high in vitamins A, B, C, D, K and E. It also has calcium, iron, silicon, magnesium, suphur, zinc, manganese, iodine, beta carotene, copper and is rich in potassium oxalate. It also has great medicinal value.

Shepherds purse - Capsella bursa-pastoris
  • Habitat: sprawling on lawns, in meadows, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: flower stalk grows up to 2½ft tall with wedge shaped fruit pods
  • Leaves: a rosette of bottom leaves up to 9 inches across like a dandelion
  • Flower: tiny, white, 4-petaled flowers on a stalk
  • Time: spring through fall
  • Use: raw in salads, simmered in soups, stews and sauces Sauté, steam or cook for about 10 minutes
  • Nutritional value: contains compounds like alkaloids, histamine, flavonoids, thiamine, organic acids, phenols, volatile oils and salts and vitamins. Shepherd’s purse hasanaleptic properties and can regulate blood pressure.

Sochan - Rudbeckialaciniata
  • Habitat: along trails, roadways, in wet meadows and alongside streams
  • Height: up to 5ft
  • Leaves: alternating hairy leaves
  • Flower: yellow clusters of flowers in late summer
  • Time: spring to summer
  • Use: tender spring leaves for greens and the young stems like celery
  • Nutritional value: eaten as a healthy vegetable.

Solomon seal - Polygonatummultiflorum
  • Habitat: in moist and rocky woods and thickets
  • Height: up to 2ft
  • Leaves: light green broad ovate leaves
  • Flower color: light yellow green clusters of drooping flowers
  • Time: flowers in spring
  • Use: roots are boiled and eaten like asparagus after 3 changes of water
  • Nutritional value: it has saponins, flavonoids and vitamin A

Sorrel - Oxalis acetosella
  • Habitat: on lawns, in meadows, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: up to 8 inches tall
  • Leaves: shaped like hearts
  • Flower: small five-petal yellow flowers
  • Time: early spring to late fall
  • Use: in salads, in soups, stews or a tea
  • Nutritional value: is rich in Vitamin C, niacin, riboflavin and thiamin.

Spice bush - Lindera benzoin
  • Habitat: damp shaded woods, low mountain slopes, thickets and streams
  • Height: up to 20 ft tall releasing a lemon-spicy fragrance
  • Leaves: bright green, alternate, toothless, elliptical leaves 2 to 6 inches long
  • Fruit: ripe berries, finely chopped, are used as a seasoning that tastes like allspice
  • Time: spring to fall
  • Use: berries sliced with apples, walnuts, orange rind, simmered for 15 minutes andused in pies. Leaves or twigs used to make a tea
  • Nutritional value: Young branches may be steeped to make a tonic.

Stevia - Stevia rebaudiana
  • Habitat: found in moist sandy soils, often near the edge of marshes or streams
  • Height: a perennial shrub that grows up to 40 inches tall
  • Leaves: tongue shaped and slightly serrated up to 1 inch long
  • Flower: small white flowers
  • Time: from mid-summer to late fall
  • Use: used as a sweetener or sugar substitute
  • Nutritional value: has many health benefiting plant-derived phyto-chemical compounds that help control blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure.

Stinging nettle - Urticadioica (Do not handle with bare hands as they have invisible stinging hairs)
  • Habitat: disturbed soil, moist woodlands, thickets, along rivers or on partially shaded trails
  • Height: 2 to 4ft tall
  • Leaves: leaves are opposite each other, pointed, dark green, about 2 inches long with a heart-shaped base
  • Time: spring through fall
  • Use: cook for 30 minutes for a soup or as greens
  • Nutritional value: contains lots of proteins, large amounts of chlorophyll, vitamin A, several B’s, C, D and an abundance of minerals including calcium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, silicon and sulphur.

Sumac - Rhustrilobata
  • Habitat: in meadows, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: a shrub or small tree
  • Leaves: large leaves, divided into 11 to 23 leaflets
  • Fruit: hangs in bunches and are red, short and hairy
  • Time: fruits summer to fall
  • Use: ripe berries soaked in boiling water for about 2 minutes, filtered and sweetened as lemonade

Sweet birch tree - Betulalenta
  • Habitat: fields and forests
  • Height: tree growing up to 60ft
  • Leaves: dark shiny green, 2 to 4 inches long and have a wintergreen smell
  • Flowers: green male catkins that are near the end of the twig
  • Time: spring through fall
  • Use: Boil and simmer the bark, leaves and twigs as a sweet, aromatic tea
  • Nutritional value: serves as a sugar substitute

Sweet gum tree - Liquidambar styraciflua
  • Habitat: commonly found in swamps and near ponds and streams
  • Height: up to 100ft tall
  • Leaves: five-pointed star-shaped, dark green glossy leaves up to 6 inches long
  • Flower: greenish flowers
  • Time: flowers March through May
  • Use: Pioneers peeled the bark, scraping the resin solids to use as chewing gum

Watercress - Nasturtium officinale
  • Habitat: in country streams and fresh running water from 2 to 6 inches deep
  • Height: creeping rootstock, 1 to 2 feet in length with its leaves above the water
  • Leaves: smooth, fleshy, dark green, with 1 to 4 pairs of small, round leaves
  • Time: best gathered in spring through summer before it flowers
  • Use: in salads, soups and casseroles
  • Nutritional value: is low in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol. It has Proteins, Folate, Pantothenic Acid and Copper. Is a great source of Vitamin A, B6, C, E (Alpha Tocopherol), Vitamin K, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Manganese.

Wild garlic - Allium vineale
  • Habitat: grows in deciduous woodlands, moist or sandy soils
  • Height: up to 24 inches tall
  • Leaves: round, hollow, arising from a bulb, up to 24 inches long and 3 inches wide
  • Flowers: small greenish white flowers at the top of the flowering stem
  • Time: flowers in spring
  • Use: small egg-shaped bulbs used as garlic
  • Nutritional value: when pure it yields strong smelling oil, essence of garlic, composedof diallylsulphide (C3H5)2S.

Wild lettuceLactucaserriola
  • Habitat: a common widespread weed
  • Height: up to 5 ft tall
  • Leaves: bluish green leaves are deeply lobed with pokey prickles along the edges
  • Flowers: are yellow in color
  • Time: Flower in summer
  • Use: leaves used in salads and cooked as greens Plant may also be used as a mild opiate for pain
  • Nutritional value: a good source of vitamin A and potassium and several vitamins and nutrients.

Wild onions - A.validum
  • Habitat: on lawns, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: up to 2 ft tall
  • Leaves: Leaves are narrow and long, arising from a small underground bulb
  • Flower: white or pink appearing in late summer
  • Time: Spring and Fall
  • Use: the same way as regular onions
  • Nutritional value: Contains proteins, carbohydrates, calcium, magnesium, zink, manganese, phosphorous. Also has choline, chromium, niacin, riboflavin, folate, carotene and vitamins A, B6 and C

Wild strawberry
  • Habitat: grows in forests, fields, lawns, forest edges, roadsides and along streams
  • Height: up to 1ft tall
  • Leaves: pale green trifoliate leaves that emerge directly from the centre
  • Flowers: have 5 white petals
  • Fruit: similar but smaller than regular strawberries
  • Time: Spring and Fall
  • Use: may be used in cereal, pancakes, fruit salad, sauces or deserts
  • Nutritional value: is low in sodium, saturated Fat and cholesterol. It is a very good source of Vitamin C.

Willow Tree -
  • Habitat:
  • Height:
  • Leaves:
  • Flower:
  • Time:
  • Use:
  • Nutritional value:

Yarrow - AchilleaMillefolium
  • Habitat: in meadows, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: 2 to 5ft
  • Leaves: green feathery, fern-like
  • Flower: white flattened flower clusters up to 6 inches wide
  • Time: blooming occurs June through September
  • Use: flowers boiled and simmered to make a tea
  • Nutritional value: contains fiber and proteins

Yellow wood sorrel - Oxalis stricta
  • Habitat: on lawns, in meadows, roadsides, vacant lots and fields
  • Height: up to 12 inches tall
  • Leaves: light green alternate trifoliate leaves about ¾ inch across when fully open
  • Flower: yellow flowers about ½ inch in diameter
  • Time: Spring through Fall
  • Use: added to salads, soups, with fish or brewed to make a kind of lemonade
  • Nutritional value: contains vitamin C

Yucca - Yucca Filamentosa
  • Habitat: dry areas
  • Height: up to 6 feet tall
  • Leaves: long dagger-like leaves
  • Flower: white flowers that are tulip-like, waxy, and drooping
  • Time: late spring
  • Use: flower petals raw in salads, fried or batter dipped
  • Nutritional value: contains vitamin C, calcium and carbohydrates.


Wild Mushrooms

Disclaimer
Be sure to visit a mushroom club in your area, where you can learn everything you need to know about fungi. You should not eat any mushroom unless you can identify it and are absolutely certain that it is not poisonous. Reading and using information in this book will constitute your acceptance of this disclaimer.
Chanterelle - Cantharelluscibarius
  • Habitat: grows on the ground under oak and conifer trees
  • Size: up to 5 inches wide and has a fruity fragrance
  • Color: bright orange or yellow
  • Time: summer through fall
  • Use: in salads, omelet’s and stews
  • Description: vase-shaped, funnel-like mushrooms
  • Nutritional value: contains carbohydrates

Dryad saddle - Polyporussquamosus
  • Habitat: grows on living and dead hardwoods
  • Size: 3 to 10 inches across and smells like watermelon
  • Time: spring through fall (best to forage in May)
  • Use: use when young in jambalaya, batter fried or in pasta primavera
  • Description: kidney-shaped, overlapping brown caps that have darker scales on top

Hen of the woods - Grifolafrondosa
  • Habitat: grows at the base of oak trees or on stumps
  • Size: can grow up to 60 lbs
  • Time: fall
  • Use: cook and serve as a vegetable with cream sauce
  • Description: it overlaps in a form of a bouquet

Horse - Agaricusarvensis
  • Habitat: grows on lawns, pastures and in open areas
  • Size: Thick, white firm flesh cap, 3 to 10 inches wide with fine scales
  • Time: in the late summer
  • Use: add to soups, stews and salads
  • Description: White and turning a slight tan as they mature, with a brown scale patch on the top center. Only use the younger horse mushrooms that have a cogwheel pattern on the broken veil
  • Nutritional value: a good source of vitamins B, D, Potassium, Phosphorus and Selenium. Warning - Do not confuse with the poisonous Agaricusxanthodermis, which is similarin appearance. This poisonous mushroom has a stem that bruises yellow at the base when cut or bruised

Meadow - Agaricuscampestris
  • Habitat: grows on lawns, pastures and in open areas
  • Size: 2 to 4 inches wide
  • Time: in late summer
  • Use: add to soups stews and salads
  • Description: Like the white button mushroom, a pale white or light brown color
  • Nutritional value: a good source of vitamins B, Potassium, Phosphorus and Selenium. Warning - Do not confuse with the poisonous Agaricusxanthodermis, which is similar in appearance. This poisonous mushroom has a stem that bruises yellow at the base when cut or bruised

Morel - Morchella
  • Habitat: in woods and on trails in small patches
  • Size: 2 to 10 inches tall
  • Time: in spring and comes up after forest fires
  • Use: sauté and use in soups, casseroles or stews
  • Description: looks honeycombed and the cap is the length of the stalk
  • Nutritional value: - contains proteins and carbohydrates.
    Warning: don’t eat morels raw and cook them for at least 15 minutes

Oyster - Pleurotusostreatus
  • Habitat: oyster-shaped caps that are layered, growing on dead deciduous wood
  • Size: caps 2 to 6 inches wide
  • Time: all year, especially spring and fall
  • Use: cook the tender parts up to 18 minutes and use in seafood or salads
  • Description: grows in shelf-like clusters and looks, smells, and tastes like oysters
  • Nutritional value: Contains protein, Vitamins B2, B2, B3, carbohydrates, phosphorous, calcium and iron

Prince - Agaricusaugustus
  • Habitat: is found in deciduous, coniferous woods and in gardens or by roadsides
  • Size: white to tan caps up to 8 inches wide, with brownish flat scales
  • Time: in the Fall
  • Use: grill, bake or add to soups and salads
  • Description: The flesh is thick, firm and white with a strong almond smell like anise
  • Nutritional value: low in calories, cholesterol-free, fat-free, low in sodium content with vitamins B, D, potassium and selenium
Puff ball (giant) - Calvatiagigantea
  • Habitat: grows on the ground or on dead wood
  • Size: small to a football size
  • Time: spring through fall
  • Use: sautéed, simmered in soups, cooked up to 12 minutes with grains or baked in a casserole
  • Description: puffballs are round, white, soft inside and like cream cheese or tofu

Scaber stalk (red capped) - Leccinumaurantiacum
  • Habitat: grows under birch trees
  • Size: 1 to 4 inches
  • Time: summer through fall
  • Use: stuffed, broiled with seasonings or used in gravy
  • Description: sometimes sunken in the center with white flesh. When bruised becomes slightly brown
  • Nutritional value: contain proteins, vitamins B1, B2, C, D, magnesium, iron and calcium

Shitake - Lentinula edodes
  • Size: cap is up to 4 inches wide
  • Use: grill, bake or add to soups and salads
  • Description: cultivated or available in stores
  • Nutritional value: - Contains protein, Vitamins A, B2, B2, B6, B12, C, D2, E, K, niacin, carbohydrates, phosphorous, calcium, potassium and iron

Wine cap - Auriculariapolytricha
  • Habitat: grows on the ground under oak and conifer trees
  • Size: cap is 2 to 6 inches wide
  • Time: summer through fall
  • Use: grill, bake or add to soups. Cooks in 15 to 20 minutes
  • Description: wine color cap and bell-shaped
  • Nutritional value: - contains proteins and carbohydrates